A Closer Look at the Red Eyed Dove: The Symbol of Africa

The Red Eyed Dove, scientifically known as Streptopelia semitorquata, is a fascinating bird that can be found in Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, the Middle East, and Iran. This medium-sized dove is commonly found in open woodlands, savannas, parks, and gardens, making it a familiar sight to many people in these regions.

But what makes the Red Eyed Dove so remarkable? From its unique physical features to its behavior and habitat, this bird has captured the attention of many bird enthusiasts and nature lovers. So let's take a closer look at this magnificent creature and discover why it is considered the symbolic bird of Africa Red Eyed Dove.

The Classification of the Red Eyed Dove

The Red Eyed Dove belongs to the Animalia Kingdom, the Chordata Phylum, and the Aves Class. Its scientific name, Streptopelia semitorquata, comes from the Greek words "streptos," which means twisted, and "pelia," which means dove. This name describes the bird's characteristic half-collar on the neck.

The Red Eyed Dove is part of the Columbiformes Order, which includes pigeons and doves, and the Columbidae Family. Within the Columbidae Family, the Red Eyed Dove belongs to the Streptopelia genus, which includes other dove species such as the Eurasian Collared Dove and the African Collared Dove.

Appearance and Characteristics

The Red Eyed Dove is a medium-sized bird, measuring around 28-32 cm in length. It has a plump body, short neck, and a long, pointed tail. The male and female birds have similar physical features, with the male being slightly larger and more robust.

The dove's coloration is pale gray-brown on the upperparts, with a pinkish tint on the underparts Red Billed Emerald. It also has a distinctive blackish half-collar on its neck, which gives it its unique appearance. But its most striking feature is its bright red eyes, which give the bird its name.

One interesting fact about the Red Eyed Dove is that its plumage can change depending on its diet, with those that consume a higher number of fruits and berries having a brighter, redder underbelly.

Habitat and Distribution

As mentioned earlier, the Red Eyed Dove is commonly found in open woodlands, savannas, and parks in Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, the Middle East, and Iran. In Africa, it is widespread and can be found in almost every country, earning it the title of the symbolic bird of the continent.

This dove species is also a common sight in urban areas, making it a familiar bird to many city dwellers. Despite its adaptability to different habitats, it prefers areas with scattered trees, where it can forage for food and build its nest.

Eating Habits and Feeding Method

The Red Eyed Dove is primarily herbivorous, with its diet consisting of fallen seeds and grains, such as millet and wheat. It forages mainly on the ground, using its strong beak to pick up food. This method of foraging is known as "ground feeding."

The dove's diet can also vary depending on its habitat, with those living in urban areas consuming more scraps and leftovers from human food sources.

The Fascinating Behavior of the Red Eyed Dove

Apart from its unique appearance and diet, the Red Eyed Dove also exhibits some fascinating behaviors that make it a joy to observe. For instance, the bird is known for its rhythmic cooing, which is a common sound heard in the African savannas.

During the breeding season, male doves perform elaborate flight displays to attract a mate. They also engage in courtship feeding, where the male offers food to the female as a sign of affection.

Another interesting behavior of the Red Eyed Dove is its ability to "sunbathe." It will perch in the sun with its wings spread out to warm up its body, which is necessary for digestion and maintaining its overall health.

Conservation Status and Threats

The Red Eyed Dove is listed as a species of least concern on the IUCN Red List, as its population is stable and widespread. However, like many other bird species, it faces threats such as habitat loss due to deforestation and human development.

Other threats to this species include hunting for food, as its meat is considered a delicacy in some parts of Africa. Despite this, the Red Eyed Dove remains a common and familiar bird in its range and has shown resilience in adapting to changing environments.

In Conclusion

In conclusion, the Red Eyed Dove is a fascinating bird that is not only a symbol of Africa but also an important part of its ecosystem. With its unique coloration, behavior, and adaptability, it has captured the hearts of people worldwide and continues to thrive in its natural habitat.

It is essential to protect and conserve this beautiful species, as it plays a vital role in seed dispersal and maintaining the balance of the environment. So the next time you see a Red Eyed Dove, take a moment to appreciate its beauty and importance to our planet. Who knows, you may even be lucky enough to hear its soothing cooing or witness its elaborate courtship displays.

Red Eyed Dove

Red Eyed Dove

Bird Details Red Eyed Dove - Scientific Name: Streptopelia semitorquata

  • Categories: Birds R
  • Scientific Name: Streptopelia semitorquata
  • Common Name: Red Eyed Dove
  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Aves
  • Order: Columbiformes
  • Family: Columbidae
  • Habitat: Open woodlands, savannas, parks, gardens
  • Eating Habits: Herbivorous
  • Feeding Method: Forages mainly on the ground for fallen seeds and grains
  • Geographic Distribution: Africa, Arabian Peninsula, Middle East, and Iran
  • Country of Origin: Africa
  • Location: Open woodlands, savannas, and parks
  • Color: Pale gray-brown on the upperparts, pinkish underparts, blackish half-collar on the neck, and red eyes
  • Body Shape: Medium-sized bird with a plump body, short neck, and long tail

Red Eyed Dove

Red Eyed Dove

  • Length: 28-30 cm
  • Adult Size: Medium-sized
  • Age: Up to 10 years
  • Reproduction: Sexual reproduction
  • Reproduction Behavior: Builds a flimsy nest of sticks in trees or shrubs
  • Migration Pattern: Non-migratory
  • Social Groups: Usually seen solitary or in pairs
  • Behavior: Diurnal and gregarious
  • Threats: No significant threats
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern
  • Unique Features: Red eyes
  • Fun Facts: The Red Eyed Dove is known for its distinctive red eyes, hence its name.
  • Reproduction Period: Throughout the year
  • Hive Characteristics: Flimsy nest of sticks
  • Lifespan: Up to 10 years

A Closer Look at the Red Eyed Dove: The Symbol of Africa

Streptopelia semitorquata

The Fascinating Red Eyed Dove: A Unique Bird with Striking Features

Birds are a wonder of nature, with their stunning colors, graceful flight, and unique behaviors. Each species possesses its own distinct traits and features that make them stand out from the rest. One such bird that deserves our attention is the Red Eyed Dove, a medium-sized bird known for its striking red eyes.

In this article, we will explore the fascinating life of the Red Eyed Dove, from its physical characteristics to its behavior, reproduction habits, and conservation status DatuSarakai.Com.

Physical Characteristics

The Red Eyed Dove, also known by its scientific name Streptopelia semitorquata, is a medium-sized bird with a length of 28-30 cm. It is a member of the Columbidae family, which includes over 300 species of doves and pigeons. The Red Eyed Dove is native to sub-Saharan Africa, including parts of East, South, and West Africa, and can also be found in Madagascar and the Arabian Peninsula.

One of the most distinctive features of the Red Eyed Dove is its striking red eyes, which give the bird its name. Its plumage is overall gray-brown, with a white belly and a dark patch on the back of its neck. Its wings are adorned with two white bars, giving it a unique and elegant appearance.

The Red Eyed Dove also has a short, tapered tail and a small, curved beak. Its feet are pinkish in color and are well adapted for perching on branches.

Behavior and Social Groups

The Red Eyed Dove is known for its gregarious and diurnal behavior Red Headed Parrotfinch. It is usually seen solitary or in pairs, but during the breeding season, it can form small flocks. These birds are usually active during the day, foraging for food and building their nests.

They are also known to be highly vocal, with a distinctive four-note call that sounds like “I am calling you.” Males and females have similar vocalizations, and their calls can be heard throughout the year.

Reproduction and Nesting Behavior

The Red Eyed Dove reproduces through sexual reproduction, which means that a male and a female must mate to produce offspring. These birds do not have a specific breeding season and can reproduce throughout the year.

During the breeding season, the male Red Eyed Dove will perform a courtship display to attract a mate. This display involves the male cooing while puffing up his throat feathers and bowing to the female. Once a pair is formed, they will work together to build a flimsy nest of sticks in trees or shrubs.

The female will lay 2 eggs, which will be incubated by both parents for about 14-16 days until they hatch. The young birds will stay in the nest for approximately two weeks, after which they will leave the nest and start to learn to fly.

Unique Features: Red Eyes

One of the most striking features of the Red Eyed Dove is its red eyes, which make it stand out among other birds. The red eyes are caused by a pigment called pteridine, which is present in the bird’s iris. This pigment is also found in a few other bird species, including some species of hawks and pigeons.

Scientists believe that the red eyes may serve as a form of communication between the doves. The intensity of the red color can vary depending on the bird’s health, with brighter red eyes indicating a healthier individual. This feature may play a role in mate selection or social interactions among these birds.

Fun Fact: Did you know that the Red Eyed Dove’s scientific name, Streptopelia semitorquata, comes from the Latin words “strepere” meaning to make a noise and “semi” meaning half, referring to the bird’s distinctive four-note call?

Threats and Conservation Status

The Red Eyed Dove is widespread and has a large population, with no significant threats observed. They are highly adaptable birds and can be found in a variety of habitats, including savannas, woodlands, and agricultural areas.

These doves are also not targeted by hunters or as pets, which contributes to their relatively stable population. Therefore, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has listed the Red Eyed Dove as a species of Least Concern in terms of conservation status.

However, as with many bird species, habitat destruction and fragmentation due to human activities pose a potential threat to the Red Eyed Dove in the long term. Therefore, it is crucial to monitor their populations and protect their habitats to ensure their continued survival.

The Red Eyed Dove and Humans

The Red Eyed Dove is not a bird that is commonly seen in aviculture or kept as pets. However, they play a crucial role in their ecosystems, helping to disperse seeds as they forage for food. They also provide a food source for predators such as hawks and owls.

In some African cultures, the Red Eyed Dove is considered a symbol of peace and tranquility. It is also associated with love and harmony in some traditions.


In conclusion, the Red Eyed Dove is a fascinating bird with unique characteristics that make it stand out in the bird kingdom. Its striking red eyes, gregarious behavior, and adaptable nature make it a species worthy of attention and admiration.

Despite its relatively stable population and no significant threats, it is essential to continue monitoring the Red Eyed Dove's populations and protecting their habitats. Only by working together can we ensure the survival of these beautiful and important birds for generations to come. So, next time you see a Red Eyed Dove, take a moment to appreciate its beauty and significance in our world.

Streptopelia semitorquata

A Closer Look at the Red Eyed Dove: The Symbol of Africa

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