The Marvelous Philippine Oriole: A dazzling bird found only in the Philippines

The world is full of awe-inspiring creatures, each with their unique characteristics and beauty. One such creature is the Philippine Oriole, a stunning bird known for its vibrant yellow color and melodic call. Found only in the Philippines, this bird is a treasured national symbol and a must-see for any birdwatching enthusiast.



The Basics: Scientific Name and Taxonomy

The Philippine Oriole, scientifically known as Oriolus steerii, belongs to the kingdom Animalia, which includes all living animals Philippine Oriole. It is part of the phylum Chordata, which encompasses animals with a spinal cord, and the class Aves, which includes all bird species.

Within the order Passeriformes, commonly referred to as passerines or perching birds, the Philippine Oriole belongs to the family Oriolidae, or the Old World Oriole family. This family includes around 30 species of brightly colored birds found across Asia, Africa, and Europe.

Habitat and Distribution

The Philippine Oriole is a forest-dwelling bird, found in both primary and secondary forests, as well as woodlands. They are also known to inhabit small patches of forest, making their homes in the tree canopies. This bird is endemic to the Philippines, meaning it is found only in this archipelago.

Within the Philippines, the Philippine Oriole has a widespread distribution, with sightings reported in Luzon, Mindoro, Marinduque, Samar, Leyte, Negros, and Mindanao. However, it is considered a vulnerable species due to habitat loss and degradation.

Eating Habits and Feeding Method

The Philippine Oriole is a carnivorous and insectivorous bird, meaning it feeds on both animals and insects Pacific Long Tailed Cuckoo. Its diet mainly consists of caterpillars, beetles, ants, and other small insects. They forage for food by hopping around tree branches and leaves, using their sharp beaks to catch their prey.

Interestingly, the Philippine Oriole is known for its unique feeding method. It has been observed using tools, such as leaves, to extract insect larvae from tree holes. This behavior is considered a sign of intelligence and ingenuity in the animal kingdom.

Appearance and Physical Characteristics

The Philippine Oriole is a medium-sized bird, measuring around 20-25 centimeters in length. Its body shape is slender and sleek, with a slightly curved beak. The male and female Philippine Orioles look slightly different, with the males having a deep, golden-yellow color on their belly, wings, and tail.

The female, on the other hand, has a paler yellow color and has a black patch on their lores, a spot between the birds' eyes and beaks. Both sexes have a black strip running from the base of their beaks to their eyes, giving them a distinctive appearance.

The Famous Melodic Call

One of the most fascinating things about the Philippine Oriole is its call. It is known for its loud, rhythmic, and melodic song, with a distinctive three-syllable whistle. This call can be heard throughout the day, but it is most active during the early morning and late afternoon.

In the Philippines, the Philippine Oriole's call is considered a good omen, and it is often associated with good luck and fortune. In some regions, it is believed that hearing the Philippine Oriole's call means that someone you love is thinking of you.

A National Symbol

The Philippine Oriole holds a special place in the history and culture of the Philippines. It is officially recognized as the national bird of the country, chosen for its striking appearance and beautiful song. It is also featured in the country's national anthem, symbolizing freedom and independence.

However, despite its significance, the Philippine Oriole is facing threats from habitat loss and hunting. The destruction of its natural habitat, mainly due to deforestation and agriculture, has led to a decline in its population. Moreover, some locals still capture and sell this bird as a pet, further endangering its survival.

Conservation Efforts

To protect and conserve the Philippine Oriole, several conservation efforts are in place. The Philippines Biodiversity Conservation Foundation Inc. (PBCFI) is working towards preserving the bird's habitat and raising awareness about its conservation. They also provide support to local communities to help them generate sustainable livelihoods without harming the bird's habitat.

In addition, the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) has also designated certain areas as protected habitats for the Philippine Oriole and other endemic species. These efforts are crucial in ensuring the survival and growth of this magnificent bird.

In Conclusion

The Philippine Oriole is a fascinating bird, with its stunning appearance, unique feeding habits, and melodic call. Its significance in the culture and history of the Philippines makes it a symbol worth protecting and preserving. As responsible citizens, it is our duty to support conservation efforts and spread awareness about this beautiful bird, ensuring that future generations can marvel at its beauty.

Philippine Oriole

Philippine Oriole


Bird Details Philippine Oriole - Scientific Name: Oriolus steerii

  • Categories: Birds P
  • Scientific Name: Oriolus steerii
  • Common Name: Philippine Oriole
  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Aves
  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Oriolidae
  • Habitat: Forest, woodland
  • Eating Habits: Carnivore, Insectivore
  • Feeding Method: Foraging
  • Geographic Distribution: Philippines
  • Country of Origin: Philippines
  • Location: Philippines
  • Color: Yellow, black
  • Body Shape: Slender, medium-sized

Philippine Oriole

Philippine Oriole


  • Length: 28-30 cm
  • Adult Size: Medium-sized
  • Age: Unknown
  • Reproduction: Sexual
  • Reproduction Behavior: Monogamous
  • Migration Pattern: Non-migratory
  • Social Groups: Solitary
  • Behavior: Active during day
  • Threats: Habitat loss, deforestation
  • Conservation Status: Endangered
  • Unique Features: Yellow plumage and unique call
  • Fun Facts: The only oriole species found in the Philippines
  • Reproduction Period: Unknown
  • Hive Characteristics: Unknown
  • Lifespan: Unknown

The Marvelous Philippine Oriole: A dazzling bird found only in the Philippines

Oriolus steerii


The Philippine Oriole: An Endangered Beauty

The Philippines is a country known for its rich and diverse wildlife, with many unique and endemic species found only in this archipelago. One of these remarkable species is the Philippine Oriole (Oriolus steeri), a medium-sized passerine bird that is endemic to the islands of Samar, Leyte, Cebu, and Bohol.

With a length of 28-30 cm, the Philippine Oriole is considered a medium-sized bird. Their exact lifespan and reproduction period is still unknown, but what we do know is that they have a unique reproductive behavior – they are monogamous DatuSarakai.Com. This means that a male and female pair will mate for life, raising and caring for their offspring together. This is an impressive behavior rarely seen in birds.

The Philippine Oriole is sexually dimorphic, meaning there is a visible difference in appearance between males and females. The males have a vibrant yellow plumage, while the females have a more muted greenish-yellow color. Both sexes have black markings on their wings and tails, making them easy to spot against the lush greenery of their habitat.

Speaking of their habitat, the Philippine Oriole is a non-migratory species, which means they stay in the same area throughout the year. They are solitary and territorial birds, meaning they prefer to live and feed alone, and they fiercely defend their territory from other birds.

The Philippine Oriole is active during the day, with a preference for the early morning and late afternoon. They are arboreal, which means they spend most of their time on the trees, foraging for insects, fruits, and nectar Palawan Peacock Pheasant. They are also known to communicate with other birds using a unique call, which is described as a sweet whistle with a trilled ending.

One of the remarkable things about the Philippine Oriole is its unique plumage and call, but sadly, these traits are also the reason for their decline. Due to habitat loss and deforestation, the once-thriving population of this bird has significantly decreased, earning them an endangered status on the IUCN Red List. It is estimated that there are only 2,500 mature individuals left in the wild.

Habitat loss is the biggest threat to the Philippine Oriole. As the country's population grows, more and more forests are being cleared to make way for agriculture and urbanization. This loss of habitat greatly affects the survival of the Philippine Oriole, as they rely heavily on the forest for food and shelter.

Deforestation also leads to another threat to this species – the disappearance of their food sources. The Philippine Oriole mainly feeds on insects, which they find on trees, and fruits and nectar, which are also found in the forest. With the destruction of their habitat, their food sources are also rapidly declining, leaving them with limited options for survival.

Thankfully, conservation efforts are being made to protect the remaining population of the Philippine Oriole. Organizations like the Haribon Foundation and the Philippine Eagle Foundation have implemented programs to raise awareness about the bird's plight and protect their habitat. These efforts include reforestation, creating protected areas, and educating the local communities about the importance of preserving the forest and its inhabitants.

Apart from their unique features and conservation status, there are also some interesting facts about the Philippine Oriole that you might not know. For one, it is the only oriole species found in the Philippines. While there are several oriole species found in other parts of the world, the Philippine Oriole is unique to this country.

In addition, the Philippine Oriole is also known as the "Golden Oriole" or "Steere's Oriole," named after the American ornithologist Joseph Beal Steere who first discovered the species in the late 1800s.

Despite the efforts being made to conserve the Philippine Oriole, there is still much that we do not know about this magnificent bird. Due to their elusive nature, very little is known about their reproductive period and hive characteristics. Researchers are continuously studying these birds to learn more about their behavior, habitat, and needs for survival, in hopes of finding more ways to protect and preserve them for future generations to enjoy.

In conclusion, the Philippine Oriole is a unique and magnificent species, but also one that is on the brink of extinction. It is our responsibility to do what we can to protect them and their habitat, as they play a vital role in our ecosystem. Let us all work together to ensure that the Philippine Oriole continues to thrive and grace our forests with its vibrant colors and melodic calls for generations to come.

Oriolus steerii

The Marvelous Philippine Oriole: A dazzling bird found only in the Philippines


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