A Jewel in the Andean Cloud Forests - The Enchanting Gorgeted Sunangel

The Andean cloud forests of Colombia are known for their exceptional biodiversity and stunning array of flora and fauna. One such gem of this region is the Gorgeted Sunangel (Heliangelus strophianus), a small and slender bird with striking colors, found only in the Andean cloud forests of Colombia.

Named after its iridescent blue and purple throat, the Gorgeted Sunangel is a member of the Trochilidae family, also known as hummingbirds. With its unique features and behaviors, this tiny bird has captured the hearts of bird enthusiasts and nature lovers alike Gorgeted Sunangel.

The Kingdom of Gorgeted Sunangels

The scientific name of the Gorgeted Sunangel, Heliangelus strophianus, is derived from the Greek words "helios" meaning sun and "angelus" meaning angel. This graceful bird is indeed an angel of the sun, with its vibrant colors and delicate movements.

Part of the Animalia kingdom, the Gorgeted Sunangel belongs to the phylum Chordata, indicating the presence of a backbone. As a member of the class Aves, it is a true bird, characterized by features such as feathers, beak, and wings. Within the order Apodiformes, the Gorgeted Sunangel is classified as a member of the subfamily Lesbiinae, also known as the "treasures" of hummingbirds.

A Habitat Fit for a Sunangel

The Gorgeted Sunangel is endemic to the Andean cloud forests of Colombia, making its home in this magnificent ecosystem. These forests are located at high altitudes and are characterized by low-lying clouds that create a misty and ethereal atmosphere. This is where the Gorgeted Sunangel thrives, among the dense vegetation of the montane scrublands and the rich diversity of the cloud forests.

Due to its elusive nature and preference for higher altitudes, the Gorgeted Sunangel is rarely seen by humans Great Nicobar Serpent Eagle. However, its preferred habitat is easily recognizable by the presence of orchids, bromeliads, and ferns - a sign of the rich biodiversity that this bird calls home.

A Gourmet Diet

Despite its small size, the Gorgeted Sunangel has a varied and gourmet diet. As a nectarivorous species, it feeds on the sweet nectar of flowers, making it an essential pollinator of many plant species. In addition to nectar, the Gorgeted Sunangel also feeds on insects and small spiders, supplementing its diet with protein.

To obtain nectar from flowers, the Gorgeted Sunangel uses its long, curved beak to reach deep into the flower's nectaries. This feeding method requires a delicate balance of hovering and perching, making it a skilled aerial acrobat.

A Unique Distribution

The Gorgeted Sunangel has a very limited distribution, being found only in the Andean cloud forests of Colombia. This makes it a highly localized and specialized species, adapting to the unique conditions of its habitat. Due to its restricted distribution, the Gorgeted Sunangel is considered an endangered species.

Its small range also makes the Gorgeted Sunangel vulnerable to habitat loss and degradation. The destruction of the cloud forests due to deforestation and agricultural expansion poses a significant threat to the survival of this species.

Colorful Beauty and Unique Body Shape

The Gorgeted Sunangel is truly a sight to behold, with its emerald-green plumage and shimmering hues of blue and purple on its throat. The males have a more vibrant and iridescent coloration, while females have a slightly duller appearance.

With a body length of approximately 9 centimeters, the Gorgeted Sunangel is a small and slender bird. Its elongated tail and curved bill give it a distinctive shape, perfectly adapted to its hovering and feeding behaviors.

A Symbol of Colombia's Natural Heritage

The Gorgeted Sunangel is not only a beautiful bird but also a symbol of Colombia's rich natural heritage. As an endemic species, it is found in this region and nowhere else on earth, making it a unique and valuable part of Colombia's biodiversity.

Efforts to conserve and protect the Andean cloud forests, where the Gorgeted Sunangel resides, are essential in ensuring the survival of this species. In addition to preserving its habitat, measures such as banning the capture and trade of these birds can help in their conservation.

The Gorgeted Sunangel - A Natural Wonder

In conclusion, the Gorgeted Sunangel is a natural wonder, captivating with its beauty and enchanting with its unique behaviors. Although it may be a challenge to spot this elusive bird in its natural habitat, its presence is a reminder of the remarkable diversity of the Andean cloud forests and the importance of preserving it.

As we continue to explore and appreciate the wonders of nature, it is crucial to recognize the vital role we play in protecting and conserving these precious species. The Gorgeted Sunangel is a symbol of Colombia's natural heritage, and it is our responsibility to ensure that it continues to thrive for generations to come.

Gorgeted Sunangel

Gorgeted Sunangel


Bird Details Gorgeted Sunangel - Scientific Name: Heliangelus strophianus

  • Categories: Birds G
  • Scientific Name: Heliangelus strophianus
  • Common Name: Gorgeted Sunangel
  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Aves
  • Order: Apodiformes
  • Family: Trochilidae
  • Habitat: Cloud forests and montane scrublands
  • Eating Habits: Nectar, insects, and small spiders
  • Feeding Method: Hovering and perching
  • Geographic Distribution: Endemic to the Andean cloud forests of Colombia
  • Country of Origin: Colombia
  • Location: Andean cloud forests
  • Color: Green with iridescent blue and purple on the throat
  • Body Shape: Small and slender

Gorgeted Sunangel

Gorgeted Sunangel


  • Length: 11 - 12 cm
  • Adult Size: Small
  • Age: Unknown
  • Reproduction: Sexual
  • Reproduction Behavior: Males perform courtship displays to attract mates
  • Migration Pattern: Resident species, does not migrate
  • Social Groups: Usually solitary
  • Behavior: Active during the day, territorial
  • Threats: Habitat loss due to deforestation and climate change
  • Conservation Status: Vulnerable
  • Unique Features: Distinctive iridescent throat feathers
  • Fun Facts: It is named after the gorget-like feathers on its throat
  • Reproduction Period: Unknown
  • Hive Characteristics: Unknown
  • Lifespan: Unknown

A Jewel in the Andean Cloud Forests - The Enchanting Gorgeted Sunangel

Heliangelus strophianus


Gorgeted Sunangel: A Jewel-toned Species of Hummingbird

From its vibrant iridescent throat feathers to its unique reproductive behavior, the Gorgeted Sunangel is a true gem among hummingbirds. Measuring only 11-12 cm, this small bird may be small in size but it is big on fascinating features. In this article, we will delve into the world of the Gorgeted Sunangel and discover what makes it such a unique and special species.

Endemic to the high-altitude forests of South America, the Gorgeted Sunangel is known for its distinct iridescent throat feathers, which give the bird its name DatuSarakai.Com. The male Gorgeted Sunangel has a beautiful golden-green gorget (throat) while the female has a duller bronze throat. This distinctive feature is the first thing that catches the eye of any observer.

But let's delve deeper into the unique features of this bird. The Gorgeted Sunangel is a sexually reproducing species, with males performing elaborate courtship displays to attract potential mates. During the breeding season, which is still unknown, males can be seen gliding and hovering in front of females, while also performing vertical and horizontal flights. In addition, males have been observed producing loud and distinctive sounds during courtship, further adding to their charm.

Despite being small in size, the Gorgeted Sunangel is an active and territorial bird. It is most active during the daytime, foraging on nectar from flowers and insects. Like most hummingbirds, it has a fast metabolism and must feed regularly to maintain its energy levels Great Grey Owl. It is also known to be a solitary bird, rarely seen in groups or pairs.

One interesting fact about this species is that the Gorgeted Sunangel is a resident species and does not migrate. It is well-adapted to its mountainous habitat, which includes cloud forests, shrublands, and high Andean forests. However, despite its resilience, it faces threats due to habitat loss caused by deforestation and climate change. As a result, it is listed as a vulnerable species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

Unfortunately, very little is known about the reproductive period, hive characteristics, and lifespan of the Gorgeted Sunangel. This lack of information highlights the need for further research and conservation efforts for this unique and vulnerable species.

As mentioned earlier, the Gorgeted Sunangel is a sexually reproducing species, with males performing courtship displays to attract mates. Once a mate is chosen, the female builds a small nest made of plant materials, spider webs, and feathers. She then lays 2-3 eggs, which she incubates for approximately 14 days. After hatching, the female is responsible for feeding and caring for the young until they fledge, which takes around 24 days. However, it is still unknown how long the young birds stay with their parents before becoming independent.

In addition to its unique reproductive behavior, the Gorgeted Sunangel also has unique physical characteristics. Unlike other hummingbirds, it does not have elongated central tail feathers. Its tail feathers are relatively short and rounded, making it easier to identify in the wild. It also has a small, slender beak that is perfect for extracting nectar from tubular flowers, its main food source.

Being part of the hummingbird family, the Gorgeted Sunangel has a fast metabolism and a high heart rate, which allows it to hover and fly backwards. To maintain its energy levels, it feeds on nectar from flowers and small insects, which it catches in mid-air using its long and agile tongue. Hummingbirds are also known for their ability to enter a state of torpor, a deep sleep-like state that helps them conserve energy during the cold Andean nights.

In addition to being a visually stunning species, the Gorgeted Sunangel is also rich in symbolism and cultural significance. In the Quechua language, it is known as "Mui-mui" which means "little sun." It is believed that this bird possesses healing powers and can bring joy and happiness to those who see it.

In conclusion, the Gorgeted Sunangel is a small but mighty bird with an array of unique and fascinating features. From its striking plumage to its reproductive behavior and cultural significance, it is a species that captures the hearts of anyone lucky enough to encounter it. However, as with many other species, its population is facing threats and risks declining due to human activities. Therefore, it is crucial to raise awareness and take action to protect and conserve this iridescent jewel of the high-altitude forests.

Heliangelus strophianus

A Jewel in the Andean Cloud Forests - The Enchanting Gorgeted Sunangel


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