The Vibrant Common Flameback: An Iconic Bird of Southeast Asia

Nature has blessed us with an incredible array of flora and fauna, each with its unique characteristics and beauty. As vast and diverse as our planet is, there are certain species that stand out and capture our attention with their striking colors and impressive behaviors. One such creature is the Common Flameback, a medium-sized woodpecker that can be found in the tropical and subtropical forests of Southeast Asia.

Scientifically known as Dinopium javanense, the Common Flameback is a member of the kingdom Animalia, phylum Chordata, and class Aves Common Flameback. It belongs to the order Piciformes and the family Picidae, which includes other woodpeckers, such as the famous Pileated Woodpecker and the Great Spotted Woodpecker.

This magnificent bird, also known as the Common Goldenback or the Greater Flameback, is native to Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam. Its population is stable, and it is listed as a species of least concern by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

If you ever have the opportunity to spot a Common Flameback, you will be greeted by a breathtaking sight. This bird is mainly black, with a stunning red crown that extends from the forehead to the nape of its neck. It also has beautiful white streaks on its face, giving the appearance of a masked bandit. Its body is adorned with striking black and white bars, making it hard to miss in its natural habitat.

The Common Flameback is a versatile bird and can be found in various locations, including forests, woodlands, and parks. It prefers areas with large trees, especially those with deadwood, as this is where it can find its main food source - insects Common Scoter. This bird is insectivorous, meaning it feeds on insects, larvae, and eggs found in the trunks and branches of trees.

Unlike other woodpeckers, the Common Flameback does not use its beak to create holes in search of food. Instead, it forages on the surface of the tree, using its strong bill to excavate the bark and uncover hidden insects. It also has a unique feeding method where it drums on the tree trunk to attract insects and then uses its long tongue to retrieve them.

The geographic distribution of the Common Flameback is primarily confined to Southeast Asia, making it a highly sought-after bird for birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts in the region. Its striking appearance, coupled with its fascinating behavior, makes it a popular subject for photography and research.

In terms of physical characteristics, the Common Flameback is a medium-sized woodpecker, measuring about 23 to 26 centimeters in length and weighing between 70 to 90 grams. It has a moderately long bill, which is strong and curved to aid in its foraging activities. Its tail feathers are stiff, allowing it to balance on vertical surfaces, and its legs and feet are powerful, helping it cling to trees as it drums and feeds.

One interesting fact about the Common Flameback is that they exhibit sexual dimorphism, meaning there are physical differences between males and females. The males have a bright red crown, while females have a golden-yellow crown. This feature makes it easier to differentiate between the sexes, even from a distance.

Apart from its vibrant appearance, the Common Flameback also has a unique call, which is described as a loud and sharp kik kik kik. It is not a territorial bird and is often found in pairs or small groups.

As a tropical and subtropical forest specialist, the Common Flameback plays a crucial role in its ecosystem. By foraging on insects and larvae, it helps control their populations, ensuring the balance of the forest's delicate food web. It also plays a role in pollination and seed dispersal, making it an essential player in maintaining the health and diversity of its habitat.

Despite its stable population, the Common Flameback does face some threats. One of the main factors is habitat loss due to deforestation and urbanization. As their natural habitat dwindles, these birds are forced to adapt to new environments, which can affect their foraging and breeding patterns. Another threat is the illegal pet trade, where these birds are captured and sold as exotic pets.

To protect the Common Flameback and other animals in its habitat, conservation efforts are essential. Many organizations and governments in Southeast Asia have taken steps to preserve and restore these birds' natural habitats, as well as create awareness and educate locals about the importance of these birds to the environment.

In conclusion, the Common Flameback is an iconic bird of Southeast Asia, with its striking colors, unique behaviors, and valuable ecological role. Its adaptability and resilient population are a testament to its strength and the measures being taken to safeguard its future. As long as efforts are made to protect its natural habitat, we can continue to enjoy the presence of this vibrant bird for generations to come.

Common Flameback

Common Flameback


Bird Details Common Flameback - Scientific Name: Dinopium javanense

  • Categories: Birds C
  • Scientific Name: Dinopium javanense
  • Common Name: Common Flameback
  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Aves
  • Order: Piciformes
  • Family: Picidae
  • Habitat: Tropical and subtropical forests
  • Eating Habits: Insectivorous
  • Feeding Method: Forages on tree trunks and branches
  • Geographic Distribution: Southeast Asia
  • Country of Origin: Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam
  • Location: Forests, woodlands, and parks
  • Color: Mainly black with a red crown, white streaks on the face, and black and white barred patterns on the body
  • Body Shape: Medium-sized woodpecker with a moderately long bill, stiff tail feathers, and strong legs and feet

Common Flameback

Common Flameback


  • Length: About 25-30 cm (9.8-11.8 inches)
  • Adult Size: Medium-sized
  • Age: Up to 14 years
  • Reproduction: Sexual
  • Reproduction Behavior: Monogamous
  • Migration Pattern: Non-migratory
  • Social Groups: Solitary or found in pairs
  • Behavior: Taps on tree trunks to search for insects, often makes a loud ringing call
  • Threats: Habitat loss and degradation
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern
  • Unique Features: Distinctive red crown
  • Fun Facts: The Common Flameback uses its stiff tail feathers as a brace while climbing trees
  • Reproduction Period: Breeding season varies, usually between March and August
  • Hive Characteristics: Nests in cavities excavated in dead or decaying trees
  • Lifespan: Up to 14 years

The Vibrant Common Flameback: An Iconic Bird of Southeast Asia

Dinopium javanense


The Fascinating World of the Common Flameback: Nature's Firestarter

The colorful forests of Southeast Asia are home to a wide variety of captivating birds, but one species stands out among the rest for its fiery appearance and distinct characteristics – the Common Flameback. Also known as the Common Goldenback or Gold-ringed Flameback, this medium-sized woodpecker (measuring about 25-30 cm or 9.8-11.8 inches in length) is a fascinating creature with a lot to offer DatuSarakai.Com.

In this article, we will explore the unique features of the Common Flameback, its behaviors, threats, and conservation status, as well as some fun facts that make this bird truly one of a kind.

Let's start by taking a closer look at the overall characteristics of this magnificent bird.

The Common Flameback's Basic Description

The Common Flameback, scientifically known as Chrysocolaptes strictus, belongs to the woodpecker family (Picidae) found in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. It is a medium-sized bird, reaching up to 25-30 cm in length and weighing around 85-135 grams. Its most distinctive feature is its red crown, which gives it its name, 'Flameback.'

This bird has a black and white striped head, a dark brown back, and a golden rump. Its wings are mainly black, with white spots, and its tail is black and stiff. The male and female Flamebacks have a similar appearance, but the male's red crown is brighter.

The Common Flameback's habitat includes tropical and subtropical forests, both evergreen and semi-evergreen, as well as deciduous forests Corsican Nuthatch. These birds prefer to live in areas with a variety of tree species, as they feed on different insects found on tree trunks.

Now, let's delve into some unique characteristics and behaviors that make the Common Flameback truly remarkable.

A Monogamous Reproduction Behavior

The Common Flameback has a sexual mode of reproduction and follows a monogamous behavior, where a pair mates and stays together for life. During the breeding season, which can vary depending on location but usually falls between March and August, the male and female work together to build the perfect nest for their offspring.

The intriguing fact about their nest-building process is that these birds choose to excavate a cavity in dead or decaying trees, and they do it entirely with their beaks. This behavior is quite different from many other woodpecker species, which tend to use their beaks and claws to create cavities.

Once the nest is built, the female lays 2-5 eggs, and both parents take turns incubating them for around 12-14 days. After hatching, the chicks remain in the nest for about 3-4 weeks and are fed by their parents, mainly with insects and larvae.

The Common Flameback's Distinctive Calls and Behavior

If you ever find yourself deep in a Southeast Asian forest, you might hear a loud ringing call coming from the trees. That is likely the Common Flameback tapping on tree trunks to search for insects to feed on.

This woodpecker has a unique behavior of 'drumming,' where it uses its strong beak to peck at trees, creating drumming sounds that can be heard from far away. This behavior is mainly seen in males, who drum to attract females or to declare their territory.

The Flameback's diet consists of various insects, mainly ants, termites, and beetles, which it finds by tapping on tree trunks. They also have a distinctive technique of foraging, where they use their stiff tail feathers as a brace while climbing trees, allowing them to balance and move efficiently.

This bird is mostly solitary or found in pairs, but during non-breeding seasons, they may form small social groups.

The Threats Facing the Common Flameback

Sadly, like many other bird species, the Common Flameback is facing threats to its existence. Habitat loss and degradation are the main drivers of population decline for this species. Deforestation, land conversion for agriculture, and the expansion of human settlements have all resulted in the destruction and fragmentation of their natural habitats.

With fewer trees to excavate for nesting and fewer insects to feed on, the Common Flameback's survival is at risk. This species is also hunted and captured for the pet trade in some areas, which adds to the already concerning threat of their declining population.

The Conservation Status of the Common Flameback

Despite these threats, the conservation status of the Common Flameback is currently listed as 'Least Concern' on the IUCN Red List. This classification means that, although the population is declining, it is still large enough and widespread enough to be considered relatively low risk for extinction.

However, this does not mean that we should take this bird's existence for granted. Conservation efforts are still necessary to ensure that the Common Flameback's population remains stable and to prevent it from becoming endangered.

Fun Facts about the Flameback

Apart from its stunning appearance and unique behaviors, the Common Flameback has some fun and fascinating facts that make it a truly remarkable bird. Here are a few:

- The Flameback is the State Bird of the Indian state of Chhattisgarh.
- The Flameback has a lifespan of up to 14 years in the wild.
- The Flameback is believed to be the only woodpecker species that builds its nest by excavating entirely with its beak.
- The Flameback's loud drumming can result in quite a headache for humans, as they can be very persistent and drum for hours on end.
- The Flameback's stiff tail feathers are not only used as a brace for climbing but also to provide balance while drumming.
- The Flameback is a non-migratory bird, but some individuals may move to lower elevations during colder seasons.

In Conclusion

The Common Flameback's distinct appearance, behaviors, and characteristics make it a true standout in the bird world. From its bright red crown to its fascinating nesting behavior, this bird is truly a marvel of nature.

However, with ongoing habitat loss and other threats, it is our responsibility to ensure the survival of this species. Conservation efforts such as protecting their habitats, monitoring populations, and raising awareness about their importance are crucial in securing a future for the Common Flameback.

Let's work together to preserve the beauty and diversity of our natural world, and keep the flame of the Common Flameback burning bright for generations to come.

Dinopium javanense

The Vibrant Common Flameback: An Iconic Bird of Southeast Asia


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