The Fascinating Cachar Bulbul: A Hidden Gem of Northeast India

Hidden amid the dense forests of Northeast India lies a little bird with a big personality - the Cachar Bulbul. Despite its small size, this bird has captured the hearts of birdwatchers and scientists alike with its quirky behavior and unique characteristics.

Scientifically known as Pycnonotus cachinnans, the Cachar Bulbul belongs to the animal kingdom, phylum Chordata, class Aves, and order Passeriformes. It is a member of the family Pycnonotidae, which includes around 130 species of bulbuls found in Asia, Africa, and Europe Cachar Bulbul.

This species was first identified by British ornithologist Brian Houghton Hodgson in 1845, who named it after the Cachar district in Assam, India, where it was first observed. However, little is known about this bird due to its elusive nature and the limited research conducted on it.

So, what makes the Cachar Bulbul such a unique and captivating bird?

The Enchanting Habitat and Distribution of the Cachar Bulbul

The Cachar Bulbul is a tropical and subtropical forest dweller, found in the northeastern states of India and Bangladesh. It is commonly found in dense evergreen forests, where it prefers to live in the middle and lower levels of the canopy.

This bird is known to be territorial, and it chooses a specific area in the forest to call its home. Unlike some other bulbuls, the Cachar Bulbul is not a migratory bird. It stays in its territory throughout the year, making it easier for birdwatchers to spot and observe.

The Cachar Bulbul is not found in large numbers, and its distribution is limited to a small area in Northeast India and Bangladesh. This makes it a rare and prized sighting for birdwatchers and researchers Cayenne Jay.

Omnivorous Eating Habits of the Cachar Bulbul

The Cachar Bulbul is an omnivorous bird that feeds on a variety of food sources. It forages in the trees and bushes, plucking insects, fruits, berries, and seeds. This bird has a unique method of feeding, where it hangs upside down while plucking fruits from a branch. It also loves to eat insects and is known to catch flying insects mid-air.

These feeding habits make the Cachar Bulbul an important part of the ecosystem, as it helps in pollination and control of insect populations in its habitat.

Distinctive Appearance and Behavior of the Cachar Bulbul

The Cachar Bulbul is a small, stocky bird, with a short tail and a rounded head. It measures around 20 cm in length, with a wingspan of 30-40 cm. Its body is dark brown above and pale brown below, with a light-colored throat and breast. It has a small, black beak, and its eyes are a striking red or orange color.

This bird is most active during the early mornings and late afternoons when it can be seen jumping and flitting between branches and bushes. It is a social bird and is usually found in pairs or small groups, often seen chasing each other and playing games.

The Cachar Bulbul has a unique call, which is described as a high-pitched laugh or cackle, giving it the nickname "the laughing bulbul." This call can be heard from a long distance, making it easier for researchers to locate and study this elusive bird.

The Ideal Temperature for the Cachar Bulbul

The Cachar Bulbul is found in a specific region with a moderate and humid climate, making it sensitive to extreme temperatures. Its optimal temperature range falls between 20-30 degrees Celsius, with higher humidity levels.

Due to this sensitivity, the Cachar Bulbul is considered an indicator species, as any changes in its population or behavior can reflect the health of its habitat.

The Threats Facing the Cachar Bulbul

The Cachar Bulbul, like many other bird species, is facing threats to its survival due to human activities. Deforestation, habitat loss, and degradation are major concerns for this species, as its preferred habitat of dense forests is rapidly declining due to human settlements and development.

Another threat facing the Cachar Bulbul is the illegal wildlife trade. This species is often captured and sold as pets, which has led to a decline in its population. In some areas, the use of pesticides to protect crops has also affected the bird's food sources and health.

Preserving the Quirky Cachar Bulbul for Future Generations

The Cachar Bulbul may seem like a small and insignificant bird, but it plays a significant role in maintaining the balance of its ecosystem. Despite the lack of research and attention given to this species, it is crucial to protect and preserve it for future generations.

Efforts are being made by local communities and conservation organizations to protect the Cachar Bulbul and its habitat. The Government of India has also declared the Cachar district in Assam as a protected area, offering legal protection to this species.

However, more research and conservation efforts are needed to fully understand and protect this fascinating bird. With increased awareness and conservation efforts, we can ensure that the Cachar Bulbul continues to delight and amaze us with its playful nature and unique characteristics for years to come.

Cachar Bulbul

Cachar Bulbul

Bird Details Cachar Bulbul - Scientific Name: Pycnonotus cachinnans

  • Categories: Birds C
  • Scientific Name: Pycnonotus cachinnans
  • Common Name: Cachar Bulbul
  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Aves
  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Pycnonotidae
  • Habitat: Tropical and subtropical forest
  • Eating Habits: Omnivorous
  • Feeding Method: Forages in trees and bushes for insects, berries, and fruits
  • Geographic Distribution: Northeast India and Bangladesh
  • Country of Origin: India and Bangladesh
  • Location: Cachar district in Assam, India
  • Color: Dark brown above, pale brown below
  • Body Shape: Small, stocky bird with a short tail

Cachar Bulbul

Cachar Bulbul

  • Length: 18 cm
  • Adult Size: Small
  • Age: Not specified
  • Reproduction: Sexual reproduction
  • Reproduction Behavior: Not specified
  • Migration Pattern: Non-migratory
  • Social Groups: Usually found in pairs or small groups
  • Behavior: Active during the day
  • Threats: Habitat loss
  • Conservation Status: Not globally threatened
  • Unique Features: Not specified
  • Fun Facts: The Cachar Bulbul is endemic to the Cachar district in Assam, India
  • Reproduction Period: Not specified
  • Hive Characteristics: Not specified
  • Lifespan: Not specified

The Fascinating Cachar Bulbul: A Hidden Gem of Northeast India

Pycnonotus cachinnans

The Fascinating Cachar Bulbul: A Rare and Endangered Species

In the dense forests of the Cachar district in Assam, India, there lives a small but stunning bird called the Cachar Bulbul. This bird is endemic to the region, meaning that it can only be found in this specific area. The Cachar Bulbul, also known as the Cachar Hill Bulbul, is highly treasured by birdwatchers and conservationists due to its unique characteristics and threatened status.

At just 18 cm in length, the Cachar Bulbul may seem unremarkable at first glance, but upon closer observation, its beauty and rarity become apparent DatuSarakai.Com. Let's take a closer look at this fascinating species and understand why it needs to be protected.

Size and Physical Appearance

The Cachar Bulbul is a small bird, measuring only 18 cm in length. It has a plump body with a short tail and a pointed beak. The bird's upperparts are predominantly olive-brown, while its underparts are a pale yellow or white color. However, some subspecies may have a darker brown or gray chest.

One of the unique physical features of the Cachar Bulbul is its long and curved crest on the head, giving it a distinctive appearance among other birds. Its eyes are dark and surrounded by a small ring of bare skin. The feet and legs are a dull pinkish-brown color.


The Cachar Bulbul is an active bird that can be seen flying around and foraging during the day Chestnut Crowned Sparrow Weaver. It is a social bird, usually found in pairs or small groups. These groups are believed to be mating pairs or family units. They can be seen hopping from branch to branch, searching for insects, fruits, and nectar to eat.

Unlike some bird species that migrate seasonally, the Cachar Bulbul is a non-migratory bird. This means that it remains in its designated home range throughout the year.

Reproduction and Threats

As with most bird species, the exact reproduction behavior and time frame of the Cachar Bulbul is not specified. However, it is known to reproduce through sexual reproduction. Males and females form monogamous pairs and work together to build nests to lay their eggs. The females usually lay two to three eggs at a time.

Unfortunately, the natural habitat of the Cachar Bulbul is shrinking due to human activities such as logging and land development. This has led to a decline in their population, making them an endangered species. Habitat loss is the primary threat to the Cachar Bulbul's survival.

Conservation Status

The Cachar Bulbul is classified as "not globally threatened" by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). However, it is listed as an endangered species in the Red List of Threatened Species by the Assam State Zoo. The declining population of this bird has caused concerns among conservationists, and efforts are being made to protect and preserve their natural habitat.

Unique Features

While the specific unique features of the Cachar Bulbul are not specified, its physical appearance and behavior make it stand out among other bird species. Its long and curved crest, along with its colorful plumage, make it a sight to behold.

However, one unique feature of the Cachar Bulbul is its limited distribution. This bird is only found in the Cachar district in Assam, making it a special species that needs to be protected and conserved.

Fun Facts

Here are a few interesting facts about the Cachar Bulbul that will further pique your interest in this unique bird:

- The Cachar Bulbul is named after the region where it is found, Cachar district in Assam, India.
- It is also known as the Cachar Hill Bulbul because it is predominantly found in the hills of the Cachar district.
- In addition to insects and fruits, the Cachar Bulbul also feeds on nectar, making it an important pollinator in its ecosystem.
- This species is not widely known, even among locals, due to its limited distribution and shy nature.
- It is considered a sacred bird by the Dimasa Kachari tribe in Assam, and hunting or harming it is strictly prohibited.

In Conclusion

The Cachar Bulbul may be a small bird, but its significance and beauty cannot be overlooked. As an endemic and endangered species, it is crucial to protect and preserve its habitat to ensure its survival. By doing so, we can also contribute to maintaining the balance of the ecosystem in which the Cachar Bulbul plays a vital role.

Efforts such as reforestation and creating awareness among the local communities about the importance of preserving this bird's habitat can go a long way in conserving the Cachar Bulbul. We must work together to protect this fascinating species and appreciate its unique features and role in the environment.

Pycnonotus cachinnans

The Fascinating Cachar Bulbul: A Hidden Gem of Northeast India

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