Buff Tailed Coronet: The Lively and Colorful Hummingbird of the Andes Mountains

The Andes mountains of South America are home to a variety of unique and fascinating fauna, including the vibrant Buff Tailed Coronet (Boissonneaua flavescens). Native to Colombia and Ecuador, this small yet striking bird is a member of the Trochilidae family, commonly known as hummingbirds. With its bright green upperparts, yellow underparts, and buff-colored tail, the Buff Tailed Coronet stands out among its feathered counterparts.

But what makes this hummingbird truly remarkable are not just its physical characteristics, but also its behavior, diet, and habitat Buff Tailed Coronet. In this article, we will delve into the world of the Buff Tailed Coronet and discover the captivating life of this tiny yet fascinating bird.

A Unique Species

The Buff Tailed Coronet belongs to the Animalia kingdom and the Chordata phylum, which includes all animals with a backbone. It is a member of the Aves class, which comprises all bird species. In the order Apodiformes, the Buff Tailed Coronet falls under the family Trochilidae, commonly known as hummingbirds. These birds are found only in the Americas, with more than 330 species thriving in North, Central, and South America.

With its small and compact body shape, the Buff Tailed Coronet measures around 10 - 12 cm in length and weighs approximately 5 - 6 grams. Its vibrant coloring, including iridescent hues of green and yellow, is one of its unique features, making it a delightful sight for birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts.

Home in the Clouds

The Buff Tailed Coronet's habitat of choice is mountain forests, specifically the cloud forests of the Andes mountains. These forests are located at high altitudes, often above 2,000 meters, and are characterized by a constant cover of clouds and mist Buff Breasted Flycatcher. This unique ecosystem provides the perfect environment for the Buff Tailed Coronet to thrive.

The cloud forests offer a diverse range of plant species, including various flowers and trees that provide nectar, the primary source of food for hummingbirds. The thick vegetation also provides ample shelter and nesting sites for the birds, protecting them from predators and extreme weather conditions.

A Diet of Nectar and Insects

As with most hummingbirds, the Buff Tailed Coronet's diet consists mainly of nectar. These birds have long, slender beaks specially adapted to reach deep within flowers to extract nectar. They have a unique tongue that splits into two at the end, enabling them to lap up the sweet liquid from the flowers.

Apart from nectar, Buff Tailed Coronets also feed on insects such as fruit flies, gnats, and mosquitoes. They catch their prey by hovering mid-air, using their excellent eyesight and quick reflexes to snatch insects out of the air. This feeding method, called hawking, is a remarkable display of agility and speed, making the Buff Tailed Coronet a highly skilled hunter.

A Flash of Brightness in the Andes

The Buff Tailed Coronet's geographic distribution is limited to the Andes mountains of South America, specifically in Colombia and Ecuador. These birds are most commonly found in a narrow region between these two countries, inhabiting the cloud forests of the Eastern Andes.

The Andes mountains are known for their breathtaking landscapes and diverse wildlife, and the Buff Tailed Coronet adds to this stunning scenery with its vibrant coloring and active behavior. These birds can be found in small groups or alone, making their presence known with their loud and distinct chirping.

Territorial and Vocal

Despite their small size, Buff Tailed Coronets are known for their territorial behavior. They are highly active and vocal birds, constantly defending their territory from other hummingbirds. Males can often be found perched on a tree branch or a high spot, displaying their colorful plumage and singing to stake their claim.

During breeding season, males will perform elaborate courtship displays, showcasing their agility and beautiful feathers to attract a female. Once they have formed a pair, these birds mate for life, and both the male and female participate in building their nest and raising their young.

A Threat to Survival

While the Buff Tailed Coronet may seem like a thriving species in their natural habitat, their population is decreasing at a concerning rate. Climate change, deforestation, and the use of pesticides in agriculture are significant threats to these birds' survival. The destruction of their habitat and the reduction of food sources due to these factors have led to a decline in their numbers.

Conservation efforts, such as protecting their habitat and promoting sustainable agriculture practices, are crucial in preserving the Buff Tailed Coronet and other hummingbird species. Awareness and education about these birds and their vital role in maintaining the balance of their ecosystem are also crucial in their survival.

In Conclusion

The Buff Tailed Coronet is a small yet remarkable bird that calls the Andes mountains its home. With its striking coloring, agile movements, and territorial behavior, this bird adds to the rich biodiversity of its natural habitat. But as we continue to see the effects of climate change and human activities on the environment, the fate of these vibrant creatures hangs in the balance.

As we strive to protect and preserve our planet's natural wonders, we must remember that every species, no matter how small, plays a vital role in maintaining the delicate balance of our ecosystems. And the Buff Tailed Coronet is a shining example of this delicate yet essential balance.

Buff Tailed Coronet

Buff Tailed Coronet


Bird Details Buff Tailed Coronet - Scientific Name: Boissonneaua flavescens

  • Categories: Birds B
  • Scientific Name: Boissonneaua flavescens
  • Common Name: Buff Tailed Coronet
  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Aves
  • Order: Apodiformes
  • Family: Trochilidae
  • Habitat: Mountain forests
  • Eating Habits: Nectar and insects
  • Feeding Method: Hovering flight while sipping nectar, catching insects in the air
  • Geographic Distribution: Andes mountains of South America
  • Country of Origin: Colombia, Ecuador
  • Location: Cloud forests
  • Color: Green upperparts, yellow underparts, buff-colored tail
  • Body Shape: Small and compact

Buff Tailed Coronet

Buff Tailed Coronet


  • Length: 11.5 cm
  • Adult Size: Small
  • Age: Up to 10 years
  • Reproduction: Monogamous
  • Reproduction Behavior: Males perform courtship displays to attract females
  • Migration Pattern: Non-migratory
  • Social Groups: Solitary or in small groups
  • Behavior: Active during the day
  • Threats: Habitat loss, deforestation
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern
  • Unique Features: The males have long, straight bills and shiny green feathers
  • Fun Facts: It is named after the buff-colored tail feathers
  • Reproduction Period: Breeding season from October to January
  • Hive Characteristics: Cup-shaped nest made of plant fibers, placed on a branch
  • Lifespan: Up to 10 years

Buff Tailed Coronet: The Lively and Colorful Hummingbird of the Andes Mountains

Boissonneaua flavescens


The Unique and Fascinating Buff Tailed Coronet

The world is home to over 10,000 species of birds, each with its own distinct characteristics and features. Among these diverse avian species is the beautiful Buff Tailed Coronet, a small but captivating bird found in the Andean region of South America. From its unique physical appearance to its fascinating behaviors and habits, the Buff Tailed Coronet is truly a species worth learning about. In this article, we will delve deeper into the world of this magnificent bird and uncover its intriguing features and traits DatuSarakai.Com.

Physical Characteristics

The Buff Tailed Coronet, also known as Boissonneaua flavescens, is a small bird measuring approximately 11.5 cm in length. The adult male has a shiny emerald green body with a metallic bluish-green crown and wings. Its most distinctive feature is its long, straight bill, which is perfectly adapted for feeding on nectar from flowers. The male also has a unique buff-colored tail, from which it gets its name. Meanwhile, the female is slightly smaller with a less vibrant coloration, but still exhibits the elegant green and buff combination.

Life Span and Size

The Buff Tailed Coronet has a relatively short lifespan, with an average of 7-8 years in the wild. However, some individuals have been documented to live up to 10 years. Despite its small size, this bird is known to be fierce and resilient, often surviving in tough and competitive environments Bluish Slate Antshrike.

Reproduction and Courtship Behavior

The breeding season for the Buff Tailed Coronet takes place from October to January, during the rainy season in the Andean region. What's interesting about this species is that they are monogamous, meaning they mate with only one partner for life. During the courtship period, the male performs an elaborate display to attract the female. This includes flying in front of her while making loud wing noises and performing acrobatic maneuvers. If the female is impressed, she will join in the display by hovering and dancing with the male.

Migration and Social Life

The Buff Tailed Coronet is a non-migratory species, meaning they do not travel long distances for seasonal movements. Instead, they are known to be territorial and will defend their nesting and feeding areas vigorously. These birds can be found living alone or in small groups, depending on the abundance of food and resources. However, they are not known to be in large flocks, making them quite elusive and difficult to spot in the wild.

Behavior and Diet

The Buff Tailed Coronet is a diurnal species, meaning it is active during the day. They are highly energetic birds and can be spotted darting through the forest in search of food. As nectarivores, their diet mainly consists of nectar from various flowers, but they also supplement their diet with insects and small spiders. Their long bills and specially adapted tongues allow them to extract nectar from deep within the flowers, making them important pollinators for the plants they feed from.

Threats and Conservation Status

Like many other bird species, the Buff Tailed Coronet is facing multiple threats in the wild. The most significant threat to their survival is habitat loss and deforestation. These birds rely heavily on their natural habitat for food and shelter, and when their homes are destroyed, it becomes challenging for them to survive. In addition, they are also vulnerable to pollution, pesticides, and climate change, all of which affect the quality of their habitat and food sources. As a result, their population is declining, and they are currently listed as a species of Least Concern on the IUCN Red List.

Unique Features and Fun Facts

Apart from its beautiful green and buff coloration, the Buff Tailed Coronet has a few other unique features that make it stand out from other birds. As mentioned earlier, the male has a long, straight bill, which is solely used for feeding on nectar. This adaptation allows them to access the narrow, tubular flowers that other birds cannot reach. Additionally, their iridescent green feathers are highly reflective, giving them a shimmering appearance in the sunlight.

The Buff Tailed Coronet is also known for its cup-shaped nest, made of plant fibers and placed on a branch. The female builds the nest, and both parents take turns incubating the eggs and caring for the hatchlings. Interestingly, the inside of the nest is lined with soft feathers, providing a cozy and warm environment for the chicks to grow.

As for fun facts, the Buff Tailed Coronet is named after its buff-colored tail feathers, which are a distinctive feature of the male. This unique name was given to the species by French naturalist Alexandre Boissonneau, who first described the bird in 1839.

In Conclusion

The Buff Tailed Coronet is truly a remarkable bird, with its striking colors, unique behaviors, and fascinating adaptations. While it may be small in size, it holds a significant role in maintaining the balance of its ecosystem as a pollinator and seed disperser. Unfortunately, the threats it faces in the wild are putting it at risk of extinction, highlighting the importance of conservation efforts to protect this species and its habitat. As we continue to learn more about the Buff Tailed Coronet and its unique features, let us also strive to protect and preserve its existence for generations to come.

Boissonneaua flavescens

Buff Tailed Coronet: The Lively and Colorful Hummingbird of the Andes Mountains


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